“The Assassination of Malcolm X”
Here we are on the 54th anniversary year (February 21, 1965) of the Assassination of Malcolm X. He was assassinated in front of his wife, Betty and their 4 daughters (while she was pregnant with yet unborn twins), by 5 cowardly members of the Nation of Islam. In addition, here are two sworn Affidavits below, by one of the cowardly assassins still alive today. I’ve also included several quotes from the books I mentioned below. Today, February 21st, we stop and pay honor and homage to you, brother Malcolm X. You showed us how to be a man. You showed us how to stand tall. You showed us how to look our enemies in their eyes and not blink. You showed us how to build and organize. You taught us to study. As you said, “Of all of our studies, History is best qualified to reward our research”. You spoke truth to power. And ‘who didn’t hesitate to die, because he loved us so’.–Ossie Davis
Below are a series of events which led to Malcolm X being assassinated, as well as some of the known details of that cowardly assassination and the known assassins who were involved. None of these series of events justified brother Malcolm’s assassination at all.
The day after President Kennedy’s assassination on November 23, 1963, Elijah Muhammad, the leader of the Nation of Islam sent out a statement to all his ministers including Malcolm X.
This statement was “If asked about the Kennedy assassination say “No Comment”. This was mandatory and it came from the top down.
But Malcolm, speaking at an engagement in place of Mr. Muhammad when asked about Kennedy’s murder, spoke without thinking of the consequences, and sounded as if Kennedy’s murder was expected and even welcomed by the Nation of Islam.
Also, at this time the Nation was under several investigations and was desperately trying to recruit upper qualified blacks with skills that could aid the Nation of Islam’s growing population.
On December 1, 1963, at the Manhattan Center in New York City, New York, after giving his Speech that day, when asked how he felt about President Kennedy being assassinated, brother Malcolm X said this:
“[President Kennedy] never foresaw that the chickens would come home to roost so soon,” Malcolm X said in response to a question about President John F. Kennedy’s assassination. “Being an old farm boy myself, chickens coming home to roost never did make me sad; they always made me glad.”
After Malcolm X’s statements, Elijah Muhammad immediately summoned Malcolm X to Chicago and at that meeting he scolded Malcolm for his ‘lapse of judgment’ with his remarks. He also told Malcolm that “People loved President Kennedy and comments like that make it hard for Muslims everywhere.”
Then he silenced Malcolm for 90 days so that he could not add fire to his already fiery comments. Next, Mr. Muhammad sent out press releases disclaiming that Malcolm ‘s comments were on behalf of the Nation of Islam.
The Nation of Islam teaches that ‘the white man is the Devil’. This is one of the pillars of his organization’s beliefs. So, the question is this. If the ‘white man is the Devil’, and we know that the Nation of Islam teaches that all white people are Devils, why should this particular person be exempt from condemnation or for anyone in the Nation of Islam to care what happens to him or any other white person, famous or otherwise? And why should the Nation of Islam care about how others, including our own people, have felt about him? Either all ‘white people’ are ‘Devils’ or none of them are. You can’t have it both ways. Such a stance was very contradictory indeed. This was such a weak reason for censoring brother Malcolm X and suspending him for 90 days. How do you espouse and teach the members of your organization that ‘the white is the Devil’ and when your most ablest Minister goes out espousing this idea and celebrating the demise of one of the main Devils? What did the Nation of Islam do? The Nation of Islam decided to silence him for 90 days and punish him for characterizing one of the Devil’s leaders as such? This appears to be nothing more than an excuse to oust him, which is exactly what happened.
Below are photos of two of the known cowardly assassins, who are still alive, and still walking around among us.
And here are two Sworn Affidavits by Talmage Hayer (a.k.a. Thomas Hagen), the convicted killer of Malcolm X and his Role in the Assassination of Malcolm X
MEMBERS OF THE NATION OF ISLAM MURDERED BROTHER MALCOLM-In his own words
Here is a more recent photo of Talmadge Hayer,
The five assassins came out of the Nation of Islam Mosque number 25 in Newark, Newark, New Jersey (now Masjid Ali Muslim) located at 257 S. Orange Ave. They are:
William Bradley A.K.A. Mustafa Shabazz
Here is a more recent photo of William Bradley A.K.A. Mustafa Shabazz
It was Bradley who was specially chosen by Thomas as the ring leader, to handle the sawed-off shotgun, owing to his infamous reputation on the streets of Newark, N.J. as a stickup man and bank robber, in the city where he still lives today; hidden in plain sight.
He can be found on almost any given day, a large grandfatherly type figure, at the First-Class Championship Development Center, a gym located at 936 Bergen Street, in Newark, New Jersey, which is owned and operated by his wife, long-time activist, Carolyne Kelley-Shabazz.
She has her own interesting story. A one-time supporter and intimate acquaintance of Rubin ‘Hurricane’ Carter, she emerged later to become one of the most well-connected cronies of former Mayor and convicted felon, Sharpe James.
In addition to the gym she owns quite a bit of real estate, providing for herself and her husband, the killer of Malcolm X – a very comfortable standard of living. Are you outraged yet?
And yes, we know the alphabet soup gang, CIA, FBI, and the NEW YORK CITY POLICE DEPARTMENT all had a hand in playing up the negative climate that already existed within the Nation of Islam that was necessary to have this cowardly deed carried out. And yes, we know the FBI and CIA used COINTELPRO tactics against Malcolm X and the leadership of The Lost-Found Nation of Islam to help facilitate the schism between both brother Malcolm X and the leadership of The Lost-Found Nation of Islam, which led to his demise and ultimately his assassination. However, the necessary friction was already prevalent within The Lost-Found Nation of Islam before the CIA, FBI, and NEW YORK CITY POLICE DEPARTMENT infiltrated that organization. Those petty jealousies already existed in the NOI. The U.S. government just helped push the envelope. This cowardly act was orchestrated by the inner-circle leadership of the Nation of Islam That leadership included Elijah Muhammad, Elijah Muhammad Jr. Herbert Muhammad, John Ali, Louis Farrakhan, and Captain Joseph, who used Sophistry and sophisticated subliminal seduction tactics and brainwashing of the NOI members. This was done thru a series of “Muhammad Speaks” newspaper articles, Editorials, and Speeches by the various Ministers of the Nation of Islam, including Louis Farrakhan, throughout most of 1964 and early 1965. For more details of these facts, read the book “Conspiracies: Unraveling The Assassination Of Malcolm X”, by Baba Zak Kondo
In addition, the CIA, FBI, and NEW YORK CITY POLICE DEPARTMENT framed these two men below, accused in Malcolm X’s assassination.
The two men framed for the assassination were Norman Butler and Thomas Johnson (aka Khalil Islam). Both men by many accounts were not at the Audubon Ballroom at all. They both served 22 years of false imprisonment for a murder they didn’t commit. And even Talmage Hayer said in his sworn Affidavit they were not with him and the other cowardly assassins on that fateful afternoon of February 21, 1965.
Black people of honesty, good character and integrity must do the independent research and acknowledge the facts. The books I list below have done much of that research for us.
Here are some quotes and the ‘dog whistle signals’ that the leadership of the Nation of Islam sent out that can be found in the “Muhammad Speaks” Newspaper from that time period of 1964 to early 1965. Here are some of the reasons why brother Malcolm X was ousted from the Nation of Islam by the leadership and inner-circle of that organization, as well as how they justified in their own minds why brother Malcolm X needed to be silenced, once and for all.
Here is Louis Farrakhan stating this in a December, 1964, article of “Muhammad Speaks” newspaper: “The die is set, and Malcolm shall not escape, especially after such evil, foolish talk about his benefactor… Malcolm is worthy of death and would have met with death if it had not been for Muhammad’s confidence in Allah for victory over his enemies”
“Conspiracies: Unraveling The Assassination Of Malcolm X”, p.159, by Baba Zak Kondo
We also know that on February 21, 1965, at approximately 1 pm, Minister Louis X (Farrakhan) arrived in Newark, New Jersey, at Temple (Mosque) number #25 in Newark, New Jersey, from the Boston Temple (Mosque). He stayed there until approximately 7 pm, when he went to the New York Mosque to speak that evening. In fact, even Muhammad Ali called for Malcolm X’s assassination, as well. Ali went on to later regret having ever called for his murder.
“Conspiracies: Unraveling The Assassination Of Malcolm X”, p.175, 183, &193, by Baba Zak Kondo
And there is this from Louis Farrakhan, as well.
Here is an Editorial in the January 29,1965 edition of “Muhammad Speaks” newspaper:
“… a year in which the most outspoken opponents of the Honorable Elijah Muhammad will sink into ignoble silence.”
“Conspiracies: Unraveling The Assassination Of Malcolm X”, p.159, by Baba Zak Kondo
Here is Louis Farrakhan admitting in his own words on the CBS television show,”60 Minutes”, that he continually called for Malcolm X’s assassination and helped to create the climate that ultimately led to Malcolm’s assassination.
In a George Curry 1992, interview for ‘Emerge Magazine’, this is what Louis Farrakhan said.
“Every Prophet had a community of Zealots that when you rose up against the Prophet the people would rise up and kill you. When you hurt the Prophet, the people say, you must die! The Messenger don’t have to give no order to kill you. We were already ordered to kill by the love we had for the man who gave us life! …I’m not no killer! But you messing with that man and I become that because that man gave me life! If you wanna live, leave that man alone where we are concerned. When Malcolm stepped across that line, death was inevitable.”
‘There were plenty of anti-Malcolm X articles that Elijah Muhammad Jr., wrote in “Muhammad Speaks” that could have been construed in a similar fashion’. Wallace (Warith Deen) Muhammad was shocked by articles appearing in the NOI newspaper, in 1964 because of their dangerous implication: “I read the paper and I couldn’t believe it. I thought, what’s wrong with them? They’re going crazy? It was just inviting somebody to go out and do bodily harm”, he said.
“Conspiracies: Unraveling The Assassination Of Malcolm X”, p.171, by Baba Zak Kondo
“Elijah’s culpability in Malcolm’s death has been confirmed by his son, Wallace. In December 1992 taping for Gil Noble’s outstanding talk-show, “Like It Is”, Wallace (Warith Deen) made some remarkable revelations.
First, he stated that his father viewed Malcolm as a “potential enemy” because of Malcolm’s exposure of Elijah’s sexual activities could have potentially damaged both the NOI leader and the NOI.
Second, he stated that Elijah wanted “to silence” Malcolm and was willing to use any means to achieve this goal, including murder.
Third, he stated that Elijah could have stopped NOI’s violence against Malcolm, but saw death as the best means to silence Malcolm.
Fourth, he stated that Elijah later regretted authorizing Malcolm’s death. Wallace recalled sitting at the dining table with his father eating a meal a few months after the assassination. He sensed something was weighing heavily on Elijah’s mind.
Finally, the patriarch looked up and said, “I wish the boy hadn’t been killed”. There was no discussion, but Wallace knew his father well enough to identify Malcolm as the boy and realized the significance and implication of the statement”.
“Conspiracies: Unraveling The Assassination Of Malcolm X”, p.173, by Baba Zak Kondo
Karl Evanzz, in his book, “The Judas Factor”, suggests that Malcolm X had, prior to his marriage to Betty Shabazz, been attracted to another woman in Temple No. 7, Evelyn X. Supposedly, when Evelyn X was informed about Malcolm’s unexpected marriage to Betty Shabazz, she left the mosque in tears. Elijah Muhammad then became sexually involved with her.
***As Evelyn X Williams later informed the press, “He told us that under the teaching of the Holy Koran, we were not committing adultery and that we were his wives.”
***By 1962, when Clara Muhammad became fully aware of her husband’s eight children born out of wedlock to different women, and she painfully withdrew from an active role in the organization for several years.
When media sources learned about Elijah Muhammad’s sexual affairs, the women were censured and described as “prostitutes” in “Muhammad Speaks”.
In July 1964, after his break with the NOI, Malcolm X persuaded Evelyn X Williams and another woman sexually victimized by Elijah Muhammad to file paternity suits. Both women suffered extreme harassment and were forced to move when explosions occurred next to their shared living quarters.
***Honorable Elijah Muhammad September 11, 1964 edition of the Muhammad Speaks Newspaper: “He even told Jerry Williams that the next time he went for a pilgrimage, he hoped to take (Jerry Williams) with him to Mecca. That night, he told Jerry Williams that he was doing everything he could and was trying to bring me into court and make me say that I was the father of Lucille and Evelyn’s children. He went back to these girls who used to date him before he married his present wife, Betty. He made several trips to Chicago and made many phone calls to Evelyn. He finally persuaded her to agree with him. He tried to get others on his side by calling them, but they refused to go into court for him-to disgrace me after I had worked for 33 years trying to bring the knowledge of Islam and of the God Allah to the 22 million black people here in America.”
***The following comments were approved by The Honorable Elijah Muhammad to be allowed in ***the 1964 September 11th edition of “Muhammad Speaks” on page 4.
Minister Isiah Karriem: “Some of these hypocrites accuse him of embezzlement, which is a lie and the one who told it doesn’t believe it. On the contrary, Messenger Muhammad gives his followers far more than they give him, and this has been true ever since I have known him. AND THOSE TWO PROSTITUTES who accused The Messenger of getting babies should hang their heads in shame for the rest of their lives FOR PUTTING OUT SUCH LIES on The Honorable Elijah Muhammad. Here, The Messenger has been ill for the last two or three years, sometimes too weak to get out of bed, AND YET THEY ACCUSE HIM.”
The other 5 women did not make their claims of being the wives of The Messenger until after his departure. ***Evelyn and Lucille were kicked out the NOI in 1964.
In addition, Louis Farrakhan ran a ruse on his followers into believing that Elijah Muhammad was married to Sisters Tynetta Muhammad, Evelyn Muhammad, and Lucille Muhammad. Nothing could be further from the truth. In fact, the only woman Elijah Muhammad was ever married to was Sister Clara Muhammad, whom he married in 1917 and of whom he had 8 children with. He remained married to her until her death on August 12, 1972. Elijah Muhammad never remarried until his own death on February 25, 1975.
**In a disgraceful propaganda stunt staged during his 1993 Saviors Day convention in Chicago, Mr. Farrakhan paraded what he referred to as “the wives of the Messenger” on stage by way of demonstrating the ‘dignity’ of Elijah Muhammad’s private life and in a bid to discredit Malcolm X. Many in the audience were deeply puzzled as to why Mr. Farrakhan would place their Messenger’s ‘wives’ on ‘front street’ while continuing to conceal his own mistresses under a ‘bushel basket’ of secrecy (before grudgingly revealing their existence, a full ten years later, at a ‘Believers Only’ meeting in May of 2003).–Karl Evanzz author of “The Judas Factor”
Elijah Muhammad had eight (8) children with sister Clara Muhammad. He also had three (3) children with Lucille Rosary Muhammad, one (1) child with Evelyn Muhammad, and four (4) children with Tynnetta Muhammad. He also fathered several children from other relationships.
And yes, we know Polygamy is allowed in the Holy Qur’an. In Sur’a Al-Nisa (‘The Women’, the 4th Chapter, 3rd verse), it says, in part, “And if you fear that you may not be just to the orphans, then you may marry whom you please of the women, two, three, or four. But if you fear being unfair, then only one, or what your right hand possesses, for that will make it less likely that you act unfairly”.
However, what many are unaware of is the fact that there are no wedding ceremonies with any of these women. Now, prove me wrong. Go and get your evidence that proves what I’ve provided below as being incorrect. And any testimonials given by anyone in 1993 or even 2015 don’t count. Testimonials aren’t evidence of anything claimed. We need evidence as I have provided below. Now, where is the evidence proving Elijah Muhammad was married to any other woman besides, sister Clara Muhammad? If there are wedding ceremonies, where are Marriage Certificates of any marriages, with photos of these ceremonies with Evelyn Muhammad, Lucille Rosary Muhammad, or Tynnetta Muhammad?
Such momentous occasions, such as the weddings of Elijah Muhammad would have been chronicled and written about, along with photos of such events and definitely would have been included in “Muhammad Speaks” newspaper had this been so. And there is no evidence whatsoever of said marriages to any of these women, mentioned in “Muhammad Speaks” newspaper or anywhere else, for that matter. According to the Tenets of Islam, as stipulated in the Holy Qur’an, there can be no secret marriages. All Marriages must be out in the open and cannot be done in secret. Such marriages are forbidden in Islam.
According to the Holy Qur’an, in Sur’a Al-Maidah (‘The Food’, 5th Chapter, 5th verse) where it says in part, “… And so are the chaste from among the believing those who have been given the Book before you, when you give them their dowries, taking them in marriage, not fornicating nor taking them for paramours in secret, And whoever denies faith, his work is indeed in vain; and in the Hereafter he is of the losers.”
And so, to be clear here. Polygamy isn’t the issue here. Infidelity and Adultery is.
So, where are the Photos of the Wedding Ceremonies and the Marriage Certificates proving Elijah Muhammad was married to any other women besides Clara Muhammad?
Now, if Elijah Muhammad was married to all of these women why were the children he had with these women excluded from claiming any part of his Estate?
“19 Children of Muslim Leader Battle a Bank for $5.7 Million”
Here is what is The Lost-Found Nation of Islam stated it believed and wanted, under the leadership of Elijah Muhammad, in its own Newspaper, “Muhammad Speaks”. It is also what the current version of The Nation of Islam, under the leadership of Louis Farrakhan, states it wants now on the back page of every copy in “The Final Call”.
‘What The Muslims Believes’
- WE BELIEVE in justice for all, whether in God or not; we believe as others, that we are due equal justice as human beings. We believe in equality–as a nation–of equals. We do not believe that we are equal with our slave masters in the status of “freed slaves.”
*We recognize and respect American citizens as independent peoples and we respect their laws which govern this nation.
So, how does your leader ‘recognize and respect American Citizens, as independent peoples and actually respect the laws which govern this Nation’, while committing Adultery and by Sanctioning the Assassination of Malcolm X?
Isn’t Bigamy against the law in this Nation? So, how could he be legally married to more than one woman at the same time, when such an act is against the law in this Nation?
Isn’t murder against the law in this Nation?
And there are even those pushing some ideas Dick Gregory had about the assassination of Malcolm X. However, Dick Gregory’s account of the assassination of brother Malcolm X isn’t factual for these very important reasons.
(1) The Audubon Ballroom didn’t have a Balcony nor any other place from which to stand above. So, how could anyone shoot a person from an area that didn’t exist?
(2) There are too many eyewitnesses, including Betty Shabazz, who say otherwise.
(3) There is nothing contained or mentioned in this autopsy report indicating any downward trajectory of the bullets entering brother Malcolm X’s body.
Here is the Autopsy Report of Malcolm X
(4) Where is the evidence or eye-witness accounts of people shooting from above or bullet holes in the ceiling that indicate people shooting from above? Here is a Photo of the actual shooting scene below. There are no bullet holes or any other type of holes in the ceiling. This matches up with the Photo below.
A ballroom often, if not always is just that, a dance floor type of setting. Usually, a Ballroom does not have balconies. Usually a one-floor space for dancing.
This was configured for the meeting. And by the way, I’ve been to the Audubon Ballroom twice. So, I know the set-up there. There isn’t any place for people to hide in the ceiling. And there is no Balcony. As you can see from the photos of the actual crime scene below.
This was configured for the meeting.
(5) Why now and why not 20, 30, 40, or 50 years ago?
(6) Keep in mind this happened over 53 years ago.
(7) Speculation is not evidence.
(8) Since Dick Gregory claims in the video that he didn’t want to be there because, as he claimed in the video, he told brother Malcolm,
“You a dead man and I don’t want them to get two for one”.
My question is what made Dick Gregory think he was so important a threat to the U.S. Government that they wanted to kill him in 1965 but he was no longer so important a threat to that very same U.S. Government, that they allowed him to live for the next 53 years?
These are critical questions that one should be asking, relative to what Dick Gregory asserts. All assertions must be backed up by irrefutable evidence. His ‘evidence’ is very suspect. Where is our critical analysis of what Dick Gregory asserts?
(9) Now, I want you to listen to Dick Gregory tell us he knew that Malcolm was going to be assassinated on February 21, 1965. My question is how did he know Malcolm was going to be assassinated that day, but Malcolm X, his Security detail, and others didn’t know?
Dick Gregory speaks on the assassination of Malcolm X
These are critical questions that one should be asking, relative to what Dick Gregory asserts. All assertions must be backed up by irrefutable evidence. His ‘evidence’ is very suspect. At least, to me it is. Where is our critical analysis of what Dick Gregory asserts?
Malcolm X names Dick Gregory as one of the Government controlled puppets
What is of critical importance in this discussion is the fact that the leadership of the Nation of Islam arrogantly acts as if they have a copyright on who brother Malcolm X was and what his message was to those of us outside of the Nation of Islam. They have intentionally and falsely put forth a narrative that says only they have a right to say who brother Malcolm was. However, they seem to forget that before, during, and after Malcolm X was ousted from The Lost-Found Nation of Islam, he had many prominent associations and friendships with those in the Black Nationalist, Pan-Afrikanist, Afrikan-Centered community, as well as outside of it. We knew brother Malcolm X too. And unlike the Nation of Islam, its leaders, and followers, we loved brother Malcolm all the way to the end of his life. Two very prominent friendships he had in the Black Nationalist, Pan-Afrikanist, Afrikan-Centered community were with both Dr. John Henrik Clarke and Dr. Yosef Ben Jochannan. These were relationships that he had established with these two Giants, while he was a member of The Lost-Found Nation of Islam, which continued after he was ousted from it, particularly during the last years of his life, especially between December of 1963 and up to his untimely death on February 21, 1965.
What is truly sad and very disappointing is the fact that these Programmed Drones and Programmed Robots of the Nation of Islam are so predictable in their aggressive attacks against anyone who speaks out against their leader, Louis Farrakhan and their organization. All of their Ministers, as well as their faithful followers, are instructed on how they must address the facts contained in this article, for instance. They and their faithful followers are told to ‘deny, deny, deny’, as they’ve been programmed to do and told by their leadership to do. Some of them will even attack you physically too. There is plenty of documented incidents proving this fact. However, what they cannot do is refute the evidence presented here. Nor can they provide any evidence that addresses or that answers the questions I’ve put forth. They have no honesty, integrity or good character at all. They’ve lost their moral compass if they ever had one.
What their followers have displayed is that they will say whatever they have to, do whatever they have to, in order to protect ‘their guy’, Louis Farrakhan and the Nation of Islam, even at the expense of the truth. What is even sadder is the fact that the Nation of Islam has proven itself to be nothing more than an extension of the Biblical Abrahamic Cult. When everyone generally uses the same Arabic, surname Muhammad, such behavior is Cult-like behavior. We aren’t Arabs and shouldn’t have Arab names, any more so than we are Caucasians, with Caucasian surnames. What they’ve done is create another Messianic leader who hypnotizes its followers into a hypnotic trance and who has convinced them that they need its leadership to elevate themselves to be free. The leadership of the Nation of Islam does not want any of its followers to ever be ‘free thinkers’ and to do their own independent research and draw their own conclusions. The leadership of the Nation of Islam only wants obedient, programmed Drones and programmed Robots who will do whatever they tell them to do.
And there have been other assassinations ordered and assassination attempts conducted by members of Nation of Islam since Malcolm X’s assassination on February 21, 1965. There were these incidents, such as “The Hanafi Murders”, on January 18, 1973, in Washington, D.C. by the Nation of Islam members, Ronald Harvey, John Clark, James “Bubbles” Price, John Griffin, Theodore Moody, William Christian, and Jerome Sinclair. The Attempted Assassination of Khalid Muhammad in Riverside, California, on May 29, 1994, by the Nation of Islam member, James E. Bess.
And I would be remiss if I didn’t mention the fact that the organization now calling itself “The Nation of Islam” under the leadership of Louis Farrakhan is not the same organization that was started by Elijah Muhammad and only his wife, Clara Muhammad, in 1930, in Detroit, Michigan. The organization started by Elijah Muhammad was officially known as “The Lost-Found Nation of Islam”. The organization led by Louis Farrakhan, called “The Nation of Islam”, was started in 1978.
As I close, I ask those who honestly read my words to search your souls. If you love brother Malcolm X and you honestly love Black people, and you have any decency, honesty, and integrity and are searching for the truth, to research all that I’ve presented here and if you disagree, provide actual evidence to prove me wrong.
I’ll part with this quote, which is quite apropos for this discussion.
“When a man or woman, who is honestly mistaken hears the truth, he or she will either quit being mistaken or cease to be honest”–Unknown
Read these informative books for more information.
(1) “Conspiracies: Unraveling The Assassination Of Malcolm X”, by Baba Zak Kondo.
(2) “The Judas Factor”, by Karl Evanzz
(3)”The Messenger: The Rise And Fall of Elijah Muhammad”, by Karl Evanzz
(4) “The Autobiography of Malcolm X” by Alex Haley
(5) “Malcolm X: By Any Means Necessary”, by Walter Dean Myers
(6) “Malcolm X Speaks: Selected Speeches And Statements” Malcolm X, George Breitman (Editor)
(7) “The Holy Qur’an”, translation by Maulana Muhammad Ali
(8) “The 1973 Hanafi Muslim Massacre”
(9) The case of the attempted Assassination of Khalid Muhammad